- Lisbon Metropolitan Area: Centralities, urban growth and policies    click here to open paper content716 kb
by    Mendes, Clara & Morgado, Sofia | sofiamorgado@mail.telepac.pt   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
The paper will address topics concerning the current metropolitan development in Metropolitan Lisbon: 1. Patterns of land use and their dynamics; 2. Metropolitan government in its correlation with national urban policies and local urban planning.
Abstract
The paper will address two relevant topics concerning current metropolitan development in Metropolitan Lisbon:
- Patterns of land use and their dynamics (1965, 1992 and 2001), considering linkages between the transformation of the urban fabrics and the rural matrices;
- Metropolitan government in its correlation with national urban policies and local urban planning; proposed agendas: importance of centralities.
From the 1990s onwards it was observed that new forms of urban structure, land use began to show in the morphogenesis of the Lisbon metropolis, mainly due to de development of a motorway network, as well as to new forms of land use, which clearly has resulted from the change of an industrial economy into a knowledge-based one.
Density, connectivity and diversity are the leading indicators, amongst previous data, mainly as a result of cartography specifically produced to interpret the urban development of metropolitan Lisbon.
The current projects for major infrastructures suggest the appearance of a new territorial hierarchy and a new cluster of centres superimposed on the current ones. This will naturally lead to urban phenomena that must be anticipated with a vision that looks to the future of the territory and of urban development.
Research regarding urban and metropolitan policies has also been considered, particularly, while assessing the effects of current spatial regional and municipal plans (PDM Municipal Urban planning and PROT-AML Lisbon Metropolitan Area Regional Plan). It has been observed that poor multileveled planning has induced discontinuities between local and regional planning contributing for a lack of effectiveness in the proposed strategies. Which policies can contribute to overcome the lack of spatial continuity? What is the role of new centralities in a spatial metropolitan cohesion process?
Keywords
Lisbon; patterns of land use and metropolitan occupation; centrality and infrastructures;
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