- Towards CO2 neutral Urban development presenting the Rotterdam Energy Approach and Planning (REAP)    click here to open paper content696 kb
by    Tillie, Nico & van den Dobbelsteen, Andy | n.tillie@dsv.rotterdam.nl   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
REAP supports the initial demand for energy, propagates the use of waste streams and advocates the use of renewable energy sources to satisfy the remaining demand. It can be applied everywhere and at all levels. It has shown that existing areas can become CO2 neutral.
Abstract
By the year 2025 Rotterdam aims to have halved its CO2 emissions; an ambitious plan that will require a revolutionary approach to urban areas. One proactive response to this challenge is an exploratory study of the Hart van Zuid area. An interdisciplinary team has investigated how to tackle CO2-issues in a structured way. This has resulted in the Rotterdam Energy Approach and Planning (REAP) methodology. REAP supports initial demand for energy, propagates the use of waste streams and advocates use of renewable energy sources to satisfy the remaining demand. REAP can be applied at all levels: individual buildings, clusters of buildings and even whole neighbourhoods. Applying REAP to the Hart van Zuid has shown that this area can become CO2 neutral. Best of all: REAP can be applied everywhere.
Keywords
CO2 neutral urban development, energy, citie, metropolitan regions, closed cycles, sustainability
click here to open paper content  Click to open the full paper as pdf document
click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper  Click to send an email to the author(s) of this paper