- Planning Rules for Sustainable and Fairer Cities    click here to open paper content81 kb
by    Aubert, Bernard | bernard.aubert@wanadoo.fr   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
The balance between city and country remains a priority. Rules fix limits to the urban development for a better management of natural spaces. Itís the care for places of social life, mixed nature of functions, by developing the city on itself.
Abstract
In the new master plans, an adequate balance must be reached between the city and its surrounding area; the priority must be given to the climateís factor, the management of resources, of water, the economy of transportation. As concerns the requirements in urbanisable space, rules must fix limits to its development, benefiting arable lands, conservation of forests, protection against the risks.
In the city, rules have privileged the zoning and the right to build regardless of the communitiesí life: henceforth itís necessary to recast the functions so as to highlight the places of exchange and life, and avoid all forms of exclusion.
The rigidity of zoning prohibits any kind of evolution: one could imagine rules gradually transforming and increasing the built space; for example, a greater mix in social functions can lead to a modular space open to multiple uses, conducting to economic flexibility, opening to all social classes, saving in space. The most important is that the city has to be rebuilt on itself
In old developing countries, the traditional framework, with its blocks, must be respected and extended, putting emphasis on the places of life and preserving the identity of communities.
At every stage of the project, a simulation of the development, in consultation with the inhabitants, should permit the assessment of its consequences on social life, economy, environment. The rule is to rebuild an area for the citizensí interest, with their support.
Associations may immediately propose a project based on examples and evidences. Several cities are ready to experiment sustainable planning; rules must be introduced from these experiments. Urban planners are at the forefront; their practices must be completely brought into question. The present study rests on examples chosen from different cities of the South, committing to share their experiments.
Keywords
planning rules for sustainable and faire cities
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