- Khartoum Experience in Implementing Land Management Reforms for Fair Allocation of Land and Development Control    click here to open paper content9 kb
by    Bannaga, Sharaf Eldin Ibrahim | shbannaga@yahoo.com   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
Khartoum's huge squatter settlements and shelter demand necessitated institutional framework reforms enhanced by wide-range planning and data systems application. Regularization and fair plots allocation were accomplished. 760000 families benefited.
Abstract
Land access through tenure security is vital to life but most governments of developing nations ignore this right and this results in inequitable land distribution. However, demand for shelter is utmost pressing need of fast growing developing cities. Land inaccessibility, shrinking of farmland and mass-development of unauthorised settlements are evidences of mismanagement. Issues of land rights, expropriation and sustainability are discussed in this paper to establish unified concepts and recognise customary land right.
To bring justice between Khartoum residents a new management authority, equipped with knowledge and popular authorization, was installed in 1990, and succeeded in adopting appropriate land legislative and polices reforms and implementing an effective institutional framework. The new enforced legislations and policies are highlighted together with the applied model of the institutional framework which is built on three pillars land administration, sustainability and community empowerment. Wide use of two effective tools, namely spatial planning and geo-informatics helped a lot. Spatial planning was used to direct the process of change and improve the environment by correcting distortions made by rapidly expanding informal settlements and producing landuse maps to meet the burgeoning population demand. The regularized number of land plots that were given proper titles exceeded 360000 while the allocated number of housing units surpassed 400000 plots.
A thorough description of geo-spatial data systems is given, and geo-spatial data were heavily employed to expedite landuse maps and 3D images production, control development and upgrade informal settlements. Khartoum benefited from application of an integrated process incorporating information and computer technologies with web communication to execute the Housing Plan, based on provision of site and services. This enabled the authorities to allocate land plots fairly and without human intervention.
Keywords
Khartoum, land, management reforms, geo-informatics, spatial planning,informal settlements, landuse maps, land plots, allocation
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