|- Urban Monitoring of Spatial Development of Moscow State region 423 kb|
|by Feldman, Boris | email@example.com |
|The paper presents the results of eight years of research and developments in the field of urban monitoring of the spatial development of the Moscow region (Moskovskay oblast), which was realized by the NIIPI in Urban Planning (NIIPI gradostroitelstva). This work is part of the development plan (general plan of evolution) of the Moscow state region. New methods of monitoring of urban-planning activities are developed and described.|
Any process of control requires the use of tools for analysis, forecasting and adjustments. For land use planning and development of such a tool is the monitoring of urban spatial change. Today, the most expeditious and complete tool for urban monitoring should be considered as monitoring spatial changes by means of remote sensing (RS) of the Earth from the space satellites.
The Moscow region has many different types of areas - from the high urbanization in the surroundings of Moscow to large dark forest areas on its periphery. Also a lot of of the territory of Moscow region occupied by low-rise buildings of varying quality, and former agricultural lands.
The Technology of Monitoring
We have the eight years of monitoring of the changes in the spatial development of the Moscow region using a combination of remote sensing data, maps and documentary sources. We used data from the average of 15-30 m / pixel (satellite Landsat-5 TM / 7 ETM), a high 2.5 - 10 m / pixel (satellites SPOT-2/4, SPOT-5, Aster, IRS-1C/1D / P-6) and high-resolution 0.5 - 2.5 m / pixel.
The Process of the Monitoring
Annual basis for monitoring, permitting the identification of key trends in the spatial development of the territory, were medium-resolution images. High-resolution shots were used to determine the point of changes in the areas of intensive development, or violations, and do not exceed a 400 square km. The most successful and informative are the data of high resolution remote sensing data, which were created in increments of 2-3 years. As a result of high-resolution data have been obtained as of the 2002-2006, 2007-2008, 2010-2011. This allowed the track changes and identify current trends in the development of the Moscow region.
The Main trends in the spatial development of the Moscow region
- The territory of the Moscow region has multidirectional trends causing its proximity to Moscow, or places of comfortable living and recreation:
- Territory at a distance of 15-25 km from Moscow changed to the high-rise buildings especially the periphery of existing cities, the most of the rest of the territory was transformed to low-rise settlements. As usual the forests areas were not changed, but with agricultural lands were complete occupied.
- Area around large water bodies - the replacement of agricultural land in the cottage development.
- The territories of 50 to 150 km from Moscow have the total preservation of housing density and the mass forestation of unused agricultural lands.
Case Study presented on the ISOCARP Congress 2012: Fast Forward: Planning in a (hyper) dynamic urban context
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