|- Integrating community Participation in Urban Redevelopment Projects: Comparative study of Dar es salaam, Tanzania and Tianzifang Shanghai, China 917 kb|
|by Layson, Joesph & Nankai, Xia | email@example.com |
|Community participation in urban redevelopment projects is one of the key |
success factors to ensure sustainability of redevelopment projects. Here is
a study on community initiated urban redevelopment projects in Tanzania and
China as a Case study.
|Based on predictions, almost 60% of the world population will be living in |
cities by 2030. China with Urbanization rate 2.3% in which 47% of the total
population lives in urban area is facing various challenges of
urbanization. Tanzania is urbanizing at a rapid rate 4.7% in which 26% of
the total population lives in urban area. Planning and implementation of
urban redevelopment projects based on public funds has been facing
challenges. Thus bottom up approach and community involvement in improving
housing and living condition has been a best alternative.
Currently the concept and adoption of bottom up planning is one of the most
commonly adopted in recent time. In early 1990s, Makongo juu residents in
Dar es salaam Tanzania realized that many projects in the settlement could
not be implemented through normal government funds, they formed an
initiatives to solve their problems. Currently Makongo Juu area in Dar es
Salaam, Tanzania is set for major facelift including redevelopment of
infrastructures such as roads and improved Housing. About 17,000 residents
of the area are affected by the exercisewith area covering about 1500Acres.
This is a community initiated project by Makongo juu residents. A similar
Project initiated by Tianzifang residents in Shanghai China is studied and
compared. Through explorative research using case study strategy; official,
key informantís interview and in-depth household interview were conducted.
This paper therefore, examines the application of the concept in the urban
redevelopment process in Makongo juu and Tianzifang in Shanghai China.
Comparative achievements are given; problems faced examined and possible
solutions are put forward. Challenges and opportunities for replication in
similar environments are discussed. Preliminary findings revealed that
willingness of residents to release part of their plots for improving
public infrastructure has made the projects successful.
Case Study presented on the ISOCARP Congress 2013: Frontiers of Planning - Evolving and declining models of city planning practice
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