- strategic planning   click here to open paper content31 kb
by    Trusins, Jekabs & Brinkis, Janis | trusins@bf.rtu.lv   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
comparative analysis and discussion about precondition of planning in Latvia during the changing conditions of the last century.
Abstract

JUMP FROM ISOLATION TO GLOBALIZATION: PLANNING IN LATVIA

Jekabs Trusins, Janis Brinkis, Riga Technical University, Latvia

This paper presents comparative analysis and discussion about precondition of planning in Latvia during the changing conditions of the last century: from capitalism to socialism and back to capitalism on the way towards the EU and globalization.
The paper is based on the case study of urban development strategy in post communist Latvia and participation in the projects of urban and rural spatial development in the last years.
Crashing of the existing planning structures and inserting new bases for land-use and spatial planning in the period of soviet socialism (1940-1990) realized the plain isolation from the world and Europe with the experiment of enormous scale. The legal and economical fundamental was: the state as single landowner, elimination of private property and industrialization of economics. The countryside kas performed due liquidation of separate private farms and organization of the collective farms (kolkhozes) with new rural villages. The cities and towns were performed with large scale building of new neighbourhoods based on the principles of Athens Charter.
After the crash of USSR in 1990ís the land-use reform was beginning with reduction the crumbled structure of the land properties. In the place of breake off economic links with Russia began the prompt development of expansive contacts with Europe and world. This process brings up the new objectives of urban and rural spatial planning as: enlargement of spatial structure scale (regions, districts), extension of land properties (from 10 ha to 500 and more ha), sustainable urban development (density, traffic, mixed land-use etc.). The way to solve these complex spatial problems is strategic planning on different scale levels. The paper elaborates some strategic visions of regional and local development of Latvia.
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