- Madrid Strategic Regional Plan   click here to open paper content136 kb
by    Franchini, Teresa & Valverde, Francisco | terefran@rfranco.com   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
Results of the application of the metropolitan strategy included in the Regional Plan of the Authonomous Community of Madrid
Abstract
MADRID STRATEGIC REGIONAL PLAN. ACTIONS FOR THE
METROPOLITAN AREA: SUCCESS AND LIMITATIONS


ABSTRACT


This work summarizes the results of the application of the metropolitan strategy included in the Regional Plan of the Autonomous Community of Madrid (1997 -2016), with special emphasis in two innovative aspects: the design of the territorial model and the related management mechanisms. The work concludes with a review of the key situations - positive and negatives - that characterized the first years of its operative life (1997 -2004).

The proposed structure is the following one:

1. The metropolitan planning in context. Towards a new territorial model for the region of Madrid. Territorial dynamic: between urban growth and centrality. Political conjuncture and regional planning.

2. The territorial model. Theoretical base: the reticular organization. Territorial proposals: the Units of Balanced Development and the Lines of Force.

3. The regional management. Basic topics: consent, variable geometry and sliding horizon. Coordination and compatibility: the Protocols.

4. Successes and limitations of the Regional Plan.

X Factors of success:

- Infrastructures of transport: fundamental aspect for the development of the municipalities, including reserves of land for FFCC - for massive transport of people - and highways - for goods transportation (Lines of Force).

- ''Positive'' planning: delimitation of the required spaces for the urban growth within the Units of Balanced Development, for the allocation of new dwellings.

- ''Negative'' planning superimposed to the ''positive'' one: definition of regional reservoirs, excluded from the urban growth to ensure the regional sustainability.

- Decentralized planning for the regional growth and the promotion of medium cities: special attention to those municipalities located more than 30 km. of Madrid City.

X Conditions of restriction:

- A non- linking policy: lack of relationship between the programming - proposed by the regional government - and the execution - in charge of the local governments.

- Attitude of the municipal administration: the fitting of the territorial pieces depends on the incorporation of the municipalities to the regional plan, limiting the capacity of the territorial strategy to reach its objectives in a relatively stable timing.
- Dependence of singular agreements: necessity of a permanent negotiation between both administrative levels by means of Protocols: punctual pacts that fix the conditions of the municipal growth - number of new housings - and the reserve of land for the lines of force and the protected spaces.

- Capacity of negotiation and political wills: the relationships between the regional administration and the local authorities are variable and dependent of the political circumstances.



Keywords
metropolitan strategy
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