- The transport skeleton as a part of spatial planning of Tatarstan Republic   click here to open paper content174 kb
by    Bugromenko, Vladimir | ooogeo@online.ru   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
The transport skeleton as a part of spatial planning of Tatarstan Republic is a necessary condition for maintenance of sustainable development of republic. Thus, it will guarantee equal starting conditions of a competitive life of people.
Abstract
The new program (for 25-30 years) of spatial planning is being prepared in Tatarstan Republic. The transport device of territory is a component of the program. The aim of the development of transport is achievement of normative parameters of sustainable development of republic, and also increase of a level of its capitalization due to transport. As is known, not any riches become the capital. It is necessary to create accompanying conditions, including transport (accessibility), that natural, material and human resources become the capital (and the territory on which they are located, would become attractive for investors and convenient for a life).
The main decision of a transport part of the new program is the transport skeleton. It represents a network of highways, which divide republic on 26 big spatial cells. The network of local roads inside them allows each inhabitant to reach highway for 20-30 minutes. Further up to any point of republic no more, than for 2.5 hours (now for 4.3 hours). Thus, if average technical speed today makes only 33.7 km/h, in the future it will reach 140 km/h.
Cost of the above described project makes 10.7 billion dollars and is calculated till 2045. The project includes reconstruction of roads (1866 km) and construction of new roads (142 km).
In result the new territorial community incorporated by transport (the area of Tatarstan Republic makes 68 thousand sq. km) will be created. Thus, all population will have equal starting conditions for a life. So, spatial planning really eliminates transport discrimination and guarantees rights for a competitive life.
KEY WORDS:Transport skeleton, capitalization of a territory, guaranteed rights (in spatial aspect), sustainable development
Keywords
Transport skeleton, capitalization of a territory, guaranteed rights (in spatial aspect), sustainable development
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